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中国造船市场恢复尚早?

作者:   发布时间:2013年06月23日    浏览量:1864   字体大小:  A+   A- 

中国造船市场恢复尚早?
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中国造船市场恢复尚早?
来源:asiasis 2013-06-21
翻译:国际海事信息网 邱艺欣 汪涛
 

       尽管全球新船订单增加,中国新船订单增多,专家仍认为中国造船业市场恢复尚早。
 

       近日,据《每日经济新闻》报道:尽管今年新船订单较去年相比已有所增加,但船舶价值仍保持在历史最低,由于船主预付款降低了20%-30%,造船厂仍面临很大压力。如今,不仅是一些中小型船厂陆续倒闭,几家大型造船厂也面临金融危机。
 

       6月18日,中国船舶工业行业协会会长张广钦在采访中说道:“订单增多并不一定意味着市场恢复。目前海工市场发展良好,但需要高水平专业技术,而新造船价太低。”
 

       由于造船方传统业务往来减少,利润降低,因此向海洋工程领域发展显得尤为必要。然而张广钦却认为考虑到最近海上平台低价,造船厂应该放慢脚步,而不是盲目交易。
 

       据中国投资业一位分析家称,“今后,海工市场的发展将成为经济发展的标尺。海洋工程发展十分迅猛,带动了许多造船厂的发展。但海工要求高科技,这就阻碍了许多公司前进的步伐。即使能成功进军该领域,公司又会面临新的难题,比如如何在竞争中生存。”
 

       据一位业界专家称:海工市场对科技的准入门槛很高。中国造船厂通常是在建造供给船方面取胜,尤其是自升式钻台,而与此不同的深海钻井平台的建造过程更为复杂。
 

       (本文版权归国际海事信息网所有,转载请注明原文出处。)
 

Chinese too early to recover?
 

Amid global newbuilding orders going upwards, Chinese shipbuilding is suggested that it is early to expect market recovery despite increases in order intakes.
 

Recently, China’s National Business Daily pointed out that although newbuilding contracts have increased year to date somewhat more than last year’s, ship values keep staying at a historic low that yards are still under pressure because the ratio of advance payment made by owners declined by 20-30%. Apart from “Bankruptcy Boom” of small and medium sized yards, several large builders are also confronting financial problems, the news reported.
 

Zhang Guangqin, Chairman of the China Association of the National Shipbuilding Industry (CANSI) said through an interview on June 18 that the new order increase does not always mean a market improvement. The current state of offshore sector is relatively favorable but demand high technical skills, while newbuillding prices are too low.
 

As shipbuilders face with decreasing contracts in traditional business with declining profits, transforming a business into offshore area is regarded as an essential, however, Zhang said that builders need to take it slow rather than signing deals blindedly considering low prices of recent offshore platforms.
 

An analyst in Chinese Investment industry said, “Offshore is believed to be a yardstick of economic development from now on. The area is excessively booming now with advances of not a few shipbuilders however the offshore area requires high technical skills which hinder entrances of most companies. Even a company successfully enters into the area, a new problem is likely to appear, how to be more competitive.”
 

A professional in Chinese industry said that offshore sector has a high entry barrier of technology. He pointed out that Chinese builders are usually winning and building offshore supply vessels, particularly jack-up rigs, but this is a different issue from deep-sea drilling platforms which require more complicated construction processes.

来源:simic