来源：American Shipper 2021-09-21
翻译：国际海事信息网 赵扬捷 张运鸿
国际码头总公司(Total Terminals International,TTI)是长滩港新举措的启动伙伴，该举措通过延长卡车作业时间来提高货物的运输速度。此举正是因为大型集装箱的激增，而这种激增也正在扼杀生产力并危及零售商的假日交货计划。
Night moves: Long Beach begins trial of extended-hour cargo pickup
Total Terminals International is the launch partner for the Port of Long Beach’s new initiative to increase cargo velocity by expanding gate hours for truck pickup. The move comes amid a huge container surge that is choking productivity and jeopardizing retailers’ holiday deliveries.
The operator of the port’s largest container terminal, located on Pier T, will encourage truckers to make late-night and pre-dawn trips for containers by offering more flexible appointment windows. Shuttle drivers will be able to pick up containers from 11 p.m. to 1:30 a.m. Mondays through Thursdays. The gates will be open for prearranged double moves — empty container drop-off plus loaded pickup — between 3 and 7 a.m. In both cases, drivers with appointments will be able to show up at any time rather than being held to a strict reservation slot, the port authority said Tuesday.
Making containers available at off-peak hours is designed to increase throughput by servicing trucks at less busy times and help speed warehouse trips because of reduced levels of traffic on roadways.
The Port of Long Beach on Friday announced the plan for extended gate hours. The Port of Los Angeles is testing permanent weekend gates. The programs were implemented in consultation with the U.S. Department of Transportation and the White House in response to supply chain disruptions on businesses and the economy.
The average dwell time for containers unloaded from vessels at marine terminals in the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach has stretched to six days, according to port officials. Shortages of warehouse space, truck drivers and equipment, on-dock rail capacity, and terminal space, combined with COVID restrictions on longshore labor, have made it difficult for terminals to process containers being dumped by container ships amid a consumer ordering spree that shows few signs of abating. As the funnel for containers tightens, the time to work vessels has increased, resulting in an off-shore queue of more than 70 box ships waiting to park.
TTI will periodically evaluate the late-night trial program and make necessary adjustments, the Long Beach port authority said. The terminal will monitor gate utilization, dwell time of import containers and truck driver time on the dock as it assesses the program’s effectiveness.
“As of now, no subsidies have been defined. As we scale up the pilot program, we plan to work with our terminals to develop incentives for our customers to utilize the night gates,” Deputy Director Noel Hacegaba said in an email response to a query about how the overnight gate operation will be paid for.