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克里米亚半岛航运部分瘫痪

作者: 发布时间:2014-03-19 浏览量:10142
克里米亚半岛航运部分瘫痪

克里米亚半岛航运部分瘫痪

来源:bairdmaritime   2014-03-14

翻译:国际海事信息网 张海滢  汪涛
 
       乌克兰当局表示,克里米亚政治危机已致该地区航运部分瘫痪,很可能影响乌克兰的进出口贸易。
 
       尤为令人堪忧的是该地区的粮食供应。乌克兰是世界上最大的谷物供应商,尤其是玉米和小麦。然而,经海路运送谷物最重要的中转站即为克里米亚港口。
 
       航运方面任何严重的问题都会给全球粮食市场带来负面影响,导致价格上涨。
 
       相关人员表示,航运市场瘫痪原因涉及方方面面。外交部认为,俄罗斯军方大型反潜船已进驻Novoozernoe港口附近,完全阻挡了通道,虽然此举的主要目的可能是为阻止部分(或全部)乌克兰军队接近,但航运贸易无疑因此受到了影响。
 
       然而,不管是俄罗斯军队还是乌克兰海军,都绝非造成此次塞瓦斯托波尔港口附近航运瘫痪的主要原因。Andrey Telni是塞瓦斯托波港的秘书,他表示,航运瘫痪主要还在心理原因。
 
       Telni说道,“有些人认为,矛盾可能会加剧,他们内心就很担忧这种情况的出现。我们半岛建立了自己的舰队,但现在,我们需要面临这些舰队两两之间或三个之间的对立局面,这些我们都必须要考虑。”
 
       “海军因此处于一种紧张和警惕的状态,挑衅随时会产生。这种情况相当普遍,没人真的想在这种情况下接近军舰。”他总结道。
 
       (本文版权归国际海事信息网所有,转载请注明原文出处。)
 
Shipping in Crimea partially paralysed
 
The political crisis in Crimea has partially paralysed shipping in the region, potentially disrupting Ukrainian imports and exports, say Ukrainian authorities.
 
Particular concern has been expressed over grain supplies to the country. Ukraine is one of the world's largest suppliers of cereals, especially maize and wheat, and the Crimean ports are the main transit points for sending grain by sea.
 
Any serious problems with shipping may thus negatively affect the global grain market and lead to price rises.
 
Officials say there are several reasons for the shipping problems. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs said Russian military had stationed large anti-submarine ships near the port of Novoozernoe, completely blocking the channel. Though the main reason for this was probably to block access for some (or all) of the Ukraine Navy, trade shipping has also been affected.
 
However, the activity by Russian or Ukraine naval forces are not the key reasons for the shipping problems near the disputed peninsula. According to Andrey Telni, secretary of the port of Sevastopol, the shipping is partly paralysed “mainly because of psychological reasons”.
 
“There is a possibility of conflict escalation, and some people are afraid of this. Now we have a situation on the peninsula where confrontation between the two or even three fleets – as Crimea has created its own fleet – must be considered,” said Mr Telni.
 
“The navy is thus in a state of tension and wary of any possible provocations. And as is quite common, nobody really wants to go near the warships in such a situation,” he concluded.
 
来源:simic

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