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FMC:航运联盟数量减少将致运费下滑

作者: 发布时间:2017-02-13 浏览量:596
FMC:航运联盟数量减少将致运费下滑

来源:American Shipper  2017-02-06

翻译:国际海事信息网 姜文杰 张运鸿
 
       联邦海事专员Rebecca Dye表示,根据根据美国联邦海事局(FMC)经济与竞争分析办公室的研究,在不考虑其他因素的前提下,即将要从四个减少为三个的航运联盟将会降低跨太平洋贸易的运费。
 
      4月,在主要的东西贸易中合作的四个航运联盟--2M联盟,大洋联盟,G6联盟和CKYHE联盟(CKYHE的韩进已破产) - 将成为三个联盟。
    
       三个联盟将是:
       •2M联盟,由马士基航运公司和地中海航运组成;
       •大洋联盟,由法国达飞轮船,中远集团,长荣海运和东方海外组成;
       •THE联盟,赫伯罗特航运公司,阳明海运,商船三井,日本邮船会社和川崎汽船组成。
 
        Dye在圣地亚哥美国运输业联盟年度交通峰会的发言中表示她所提及的是FMC的“主要执法责任”,即通过有效的分析和监督来保证有序竞争”,尤其对于航运联盟。
    
       “FMC对于联盟的态度是既不支持也不反对。我们是支持竞争的。” Dye说道。 “我们的目标是确保市场的动态决定经济结果。操作联盟的兴起是一个市场驱动的现象。班轮运输市场的活力将继续带来商业和经济的变革。”
 
       (本文版权归国际海事信息网所有,转载请注明出处。)
 
FMC study finds reduction in container alliances could cut rates
 
Federal Maritime Commissioner Rebecca Dye said research by the agency’s Office of Economics and Competition Analysis about the "impending reduction" from four to three major container shipping alliances should actually decrease rates on the transpacific trade, when considered in isolation from other factors.
   
In April, the four ocean carrier alliances cooperating on the major east-west trades - the 2M Alliance, the Ocean 3 Alliance, the G6 Alliance and the CKYHE Alliance (though Hanjin from the CKYHE is no longer operating) - are due to become three alliances.
  
 The three alliances will be:
     • The 2M Alliance, consisting of Maersk Line and MSC;
     • The Ocean Alliance, consisting of CMA CGM, COSCO, Evergreen Line and OOCL;
     • And THE Alliance, consisting of Hapag-Lloyd, Yang Ming, MOL, NYK and “K” Line.
 
During her remarks to the NITL's annual transportation summit in San Diego, Dye discussed what she said was the FMC’s “primary law enforcement responsibility: preserving competition through effective analysis and oversight” particularly in regard to alliances.
   
"The Commission is neither pro-alliance nor anti-alliance. We are pro-competition," Dye said. "Our goal is to ensure that the dynamics of the marketplace determine economic outcomes. The rise of operational alliances is a market-driven phenomenon. The alternative to operational alliances is not the status quo. The dynamics of our liner shipping markets will continue to produce commercial and economic change.”
来源:simic

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