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中国大量进口铁矿石,着力提升干散货运输需求

作者: 发布时间:2017-04-19 浏览量:152
中国大量进口铁矿石,着力提升干散货运输需求
来源:Seatrade Maritime News 2017-04-19
翻译:国际海事信息网 宋文烨 张运鸿
 
       2017年第一季度,中国铁矿石进口量较去年同期累计上涨9.5%。
 
       2016年,铁矿石海运进口量增加7.7%,干散货运输市场从中受益。相比之下,铁矿石陆运进口量下跌4%。总体来看,2016全年进口铁矿石10亿公吨。而2015年,该数据为9.287亿公吨。
 
       BIMCO首席航运分析师Peter Sand指出:“中国用铁含量较高的进口矿石来取代本国铁含量较少的矿石,导致国产铁矿石逐渐退出市场,因此进口量大幅上涨。”
 
       他同时提到:“中国的钢铁主要用于建造业以及日益增长的实体基础设施工程。”
 
       中国铁矿石的海运进口增长相当大一部分来自南美洲国家巴西。2016年,由巴西出口到中国的铁矿石比15年增长超过12.1%。
 
       BIMCO计算得出,2016年铁矿石海运运输能力(吨英里值)提高8.5%,此数据表明中国正寻求更远的铁矿石进口来源。
 
      (本文版权归国际海事信息网所有,转载请注明出处。)
 
China’s rising iron ore import to lift dry bulk shipping demand in 2017
 
China’s import of iron ore saw an accumulated growth rate of 9.5% during the first quarter compared to the same period of 2016.
 
In 2016, China’s total seaborne iron ore imports achieved a growth rate of 7.7% year-on-year, directly benefiting the dry bulk shipping market. On the other hand, Chinese imports of iron ore by land dropped by 4% year-on-year. In total China imported more than 1bn tonnes of iron ore last year compared to around 928.7m tonnes in 2015.
 
“The reason for the increase in imported iron ore originates from China substituting domestically mined ore of low iron content for imported ore of much higher iron content and thereby, squeezing more domestically sourced iron ore out of the market,” noted Peter Sand, chief shipping analyst of Bimco.
 
Sand added that demand for Chinese steel has come from the construction industry and increased public spending on physical infrastructure works.
 
China’s seaborne import of iron ore also reaped better tonne-mile with Brazil grabbing a larger share of the growth in the Chinese iron ore import market. The South American country exported 12.1% more to China in 2016 compared to 2015.
 
An 8.5% growth in tonne-mile according to Bimco’s calculation of Chinese iron ore imports further emphasises that China is sourcing their iron ore imports from farther distanced origins in 2016 compared to 2015.
来源:simic

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