来源：American Shipper 2018-08-30
翻译：国际海事信息网 王雅媛 张运鸿
“然而，由于同期大型集装箱船的集中交付，全球运力的增长超过了需求的增长，这给市场价格带来了下行压力。今年上半年，中国出口集装箱运价指数（China Containerized Freight Index，以下简称CCFI指数）平均为797点，较去年同期下跌了3.8%，而第二季度的平均CCFI指数较今年第一季度下跌了4.6%。”
CCFI指数是根据合同费率计算的。与更广泛宣传的基于现货价格的上海箱运指数（Shanghai Containerized Freight Index）一样，该指数是由上海航运交易所编制发布的。
COSCO: Slim profit for first half
COSCO Shipping Holdings said Thursday that it had eked out a profit attributable to equity holders of the company of 40.8 million Chinese yuan renminbi (RMB) or approximately $6 million in the first six months of this year compared with a profit of 1.86 billion RMB in the same period last year, a 98 percent drop.
The decline in profit came despite an increase in revenue to about 45 billion RMB in the first half of this year compared to 43.5 billion RMB in the first half of 2017.
COSCO called the profit a “hard-won” result and attributed it to an operating performance of its container shipping business “which was better than the industry average and the profit contribution of the terminal business.”
The company's terminal business handled 2.8 million TEUs in the first half of 2018, 35 percent more than in first half of 2017. Revenue from the terminal business was up 67.5 percent to 3.18 billion RMB, while revenue from container shipping was up just 1.3 percent to 42.4 billion RMB.
The company noted that in the first half of the year, demand for container transportation grew moderately and global cargo volume increased by 6.2 percent as compared to the same period of last year. COSCO itself achieved a shipping volume of 11,235,000 TEUs, representing an increase of 12.4 percent as compared to the same period of last year.
“However, due to the concentrated delivery of large container vessels during the same period, the growth in global capacity exceeded the growth in demand, which put downward pressure on the market price. In the first half of the year, the average of the China Containerized Freight Index (CCFI) was 797 points, representing a decrease of 3.8 percent as compared to the same period of last year, while the average CCFI for the second quarter recorded a decrease of 4.6 percent as compared to the first quarter of this year.”
The CCFI is based on contract rates. Like the more widely publicized Shanghai Containerized Freight Index, which is based on spot rates, it is produced by the Shanghai Shipping Exchange.
“Meanwhile, surging bunker prices resulted in the increase of the cost of liner companies,” said COSCO.
Looking forward to the second half of 2018, COSCO predicted the "world economy will remain on the path of recovery. Although trade protectionism is on the rise and Sino-US trade frictions may inhibit the growth of the global economy to a certain extent, it is expected that the global economy will continue its growth since 2017, thus providing guarantee for the growth of container shipping volume."
COSCO noted its acquisition of the parent company of Orient Overseas Container Line was completed at the end of the July and said COSCO "will soon open a new chapter of developing 'dual brands.' "
At the end of June, COSCO said its container fleet reached 393 vessels with carrying capacity of 2.04 million TEUs, 15.8 percent more than a year earlier. With the acquisition of OOCL and new ships on order, COSCO’s capacity now exceeds 3 million TEUs, which it says now makes it the third largest in the world, ahead of CMA CGM, and behind only Maersk and MSC.