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NYK提出新一代船舶驾驶室理念

作者: 发布时间:2018-10-01 浏览量:289

NYK提出新一代船舶驾驶室理念
图片来自网络,版权属于原作者

来源:American Shipper 2018-09-28
翻译:国际海事信息网 王雅媛 张运鸿
 
       日本邮船(NYK)表示,公司已完成一项关于船舶驾驶室的新概念研发工作,并且已将其应用于一艘巨型集装箱船上。
 
       据NYK透露,综合信息驾驶室系统(The integrated information and bridge system)是基于人机工程的优化设计,并且充分利用到了物联网,目的在于提高船舶操纵的安全性和效率。
 
       据称,近一半的海上事故是人为错误造成的。自2007年以来,NYK就一直致力于研究改进船舶驾驶室、提高航行值班效率以及降低人为失误的方法。
 
       新概念中采用的集中控制台能为值班船员提供详尽的航行资料,同时为船只导航,该控制台大小大约是常规控制台的三分之二。NYK表示,(利用这一系统)值班船员只需坐着就能掌控全船信息。
 
      据NYK介绍:“一种用于导航的操纵杆式自动驾驶系统也被采用,值班船员只需坐在椅子上简易控制船只即可更好地避免与其他船只碰撞。此外,考虑到安全性,控制台还安装了一个小型手动舵轮以防万一。”
 
       NYK还说:“新驾驶室配有更大的窗户,窗户之间的间隔也被缩减以减少盲区;雨刷现由遥控器控制;驾驶室的格局也进行了优化改造,座位上的视野更加清晰;格局更新之后的工作环境有很大的改善,能有效降低值班船员的疲劳感。”
 
       在驾驶台侧翼平台上,有条狭窄的走道由操舵室向两端延伸,能够操控船只进出港口、靠泊以及离泊。侧翼平台另外配备了一个集中控制台,可以单独控制主推进装置、船舵和艏侧推器。
 
       J-Marine NeCST船舶导航支持工具是由NYK、MTI有限公司以及Japan Radio公司联合研发的。为了使得值班船员和领航员之间的信息传递更加高效,这一工具也被安装在了新型驾驶室内。NYK表示这将有助于改善驾驶室的资源管理,即便是在交通拥挤、许多值班船员同时在驾驶室进行视察的情况下。
 
       NYK已经决定将这一新型驾驶室应用于汽车和载货汽车专用船以及原油轮上。该公司还打算在无人驾驶船舶方面利用这一先进技术。
 
(本文版权归国际海事信息网所有,图片版权归原作者,转载请注明出处。)
 
NYK introduces next-generation ship’s bridge
 
NYK said it has completed development of a new concept for a ship’s bridge and employed it on a large containership.
 
The integrated information and bridge system has been optimally and ergonomically arranged and designed to take advantage of Internet of Things aspects of instruments and to improve the safety and efficiency of vessel operation, NYK said.
 
Half of marine accidents are said to be caused by human error, according to NYK, which said it has been studying ways to improve the bridge, enhance navigational watch efficiency and decrease mistakes since 2007.
 
The new concept makes use of an integrated console that is about two-thirds the size of a conventional one and enables officers to check essential navigational information and navigate the vessel at the same time. NYK said a seat helps officers better grasp the situation around the ship.
 
“A joystick-type autopilot system for navigation has been adopted to better avoid collisions with other vessels and help officers in a sitting position easily maneuver the vessel,” NYK said. “Moreover, a mini manual wheel has been installed on the console for steering in an emergency, taking safety into consideration.
 
“The new bridge has been equipped with larger windows, and the gap between the windows has been minimized to reduce dead visibility angles,” the company said.
 
“Wipers are now operated by remote control. And the shape of the bridge has been optimized to ensure clear sight from a sitting position. The layout has also been enhanced to improve the work environment and reduce weariness during navigational watches.”
 
At the bridge wing, a narrow walkway extends outward from both sides of a pilothouse, allowing the ship to be maneuvered for entering and leaving harbors and berthing and unberthing operations, NYK said. The wing is equipped with an integrated control stand that can remotely control the main propulsion, rudder and bow thruster.
 
The J-Marine NeCST ship navigation support tool, which was jointly developed by NYK, MTI Co. Ltd. and Japan Radio Co. Ltd. to make briefings among the officers and the pilot more efficient, also has been installed on the bridge. NYK said this will help improve bridge resource management, even when many officers are on the bridge conducting navigational watches during heavy vessel traffic.
 
NYK said has decided to adopt the new bridge on pure car and truck carriers and crude oil tankers. It also plans to make use of the advancement as it looks ahead to manned autonomous ships.
 

来源:simic