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国际海事组织IMO公布“海上自主水面船舶MASS”4级自主化

作者:   发布时间:2018-12-25    浏览量:549   字体大小:  A+   A- 

近日,IMO国际海事组织MASS(海上自主水面船舶)自主化的4个层级已经公布!(编译仅供参考)。可与劳氏船级社的6级相对比。2019年9月海安会工作组预计将举行会议,以期2020年完成监管范围界定(RSE)。

• Degree one: Ship with automated processes and decision support: Seafarers are on board to operate and control shipboard systems and functions. Some operations may be automated and at times be unsupervised but with seafarers on board ready to take control.


第一级:船舶拥有自动化处理以及决策支持功能:海员在船操作和控制船上系统和功能。有些操作可以是自动化的,有时可以无人监督的,但海员在船可随时接管。

• Degree two: Remotely controlled ship with seafarers on board: The ship is controlled and operated from another location. Seafarers are available on board to take control and to operate the shipboard systems and functions.


第二级:海员在船但实现远程遥控:从其它地点控制和运营船舶,海员在船可以操作和控制船上系统和功能。

• Degree three: Remotely controlled ship without seafarers on board: The ship is controlled and operated from another location. There are no seafarers on board.

第三级: 实现远程遥控但海员不在船:从其它地点控制和运营船舶。无海员在船。

• Degree four: Fully autonomous ship: The operating system of the ship is able to make decisions and determine actions by itself.

第四级: 完全自主船舶:船舶操作系统可自行决策并采取行动。

来源:沃燊海事