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最忙美国港口创货运记录

作者:   发布时间:2007-01-16    浏览量:2741   字体大小:  A+   A- 

最忙美国港口创货运记录
图片来自网络,版权属于原作者

来源: Marine Link 2019-01-16
翻译:国际海事信息网 王雅媛 张运鸿
 
       洛杉矶港和长滩港周三表示,因美国零售商和制造商为避免中国商品进口的高关税而提前进口,他们在2018年创下了货运史上的最高纪录。
 
       洛杉矶港是北美最繁忙的集装箱港口,去年处理了946万个20尺标准货柜单位(TEU),这是其111年来货运量最大的一年,比2017年增加了1.2%。
 
       毗邻的长滩港去年货运量首次超过了800万TEU,而此前集装箱货物总量从2017年以来就已跃升了7%。
 
       “这是一场以政治贸易政策为基础的货运热潮。”洛杉矶港执行董事Gene Seroka说。在2017年洛杉矶港处理的2840亿美元货物中,与中国的直接贸易仅占一半多一点。
 
       Seroka表示:“许多人都很担忧,因为许多中国进口商品的关税计划于1月1日从10%上调至25%。”
 
       11月底,美中两国在激烈的贸易战中达成了90天的停火协议。根据该协议,美国将对价值2,000亿美元的中国进口商品征收10%的关税。
 
       在这一消息传出之前,许多进口商加大了从服装到汽车零部件等各方面的订单,以避免更高的关税。
 
       洛杉矶、长滩和美国其他主要港口的货运激增,引发了供应链的混乱。美国的仓库堆满了集装箱,迫使一些进口商推迟港口货物提货,或者把集装箱堆在停车场。
 
       全美零售联合会和Hackett Associates公布的全球港口追踪报告预计,2018年进口货运量将增长5.3%,达到2160万TEU,创下纪录。
 
       他们还预测,2019年前几个月进口货运量激增的势头会因为节后需求量下降和亚洲春节工厂歇业而有所缓和。
 
       Seroka表示:“我们将在农历新年期间和之后看到一点平静。这能让我们有机会赶上进度。”
 
(本文版权归国际海事信息网所有,图片版权归原作者,转载请注明出处。)
 
Busiest U.S. Port Set Cargo Records
 
The Ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach on Wednesday said they set all-time records for moving cargo in 2018, after U.S. retailers and manufacturers pulled forward imports to avoid higher tariffs on Chinese goods.
 
The Port of Los Angeles, North America's busiest container port, handled 9.46 million 20-foot equivalent units (TEUs) last year, the most in its 111-year history and 1.2 percent more than in 2017.
 
The neighboring Port of Long Beach processed more than 8 million TEUs for the first time last year, after container cargo totals jumped 7 percent from 2017.
 
"This is a rush of cargo based on political trade policy," said Gene Seroka, executive director for the Port of Los Angeles, where direct trade with China accounted for just over half of the $284 billion in cargo the port handled in 2017.
 
"Many people were fearful that we were going to go from a 10 percent tariff on certain items to 25 percent on January 1," Seroka said. The U.S. and China in late November agreed to a 90-day ceasefire in their bitter trade war. Under that deal, the U.S. will keep tariffs on $200 billion worth of Chinese imports at 10 percent.
 
That news came after many importers sped up orders for everything from apparel to auto parts to avoid the higher tariffs.
 
The cargo surge at Los Angeles/Long Beach and other major U.S. ports spurred disruptions that are rippling through the supply chain. U.S. warehouses are stuffed to the rafters, forcing some importers to delay port cargo pickups or to park containers in parking lots.
 
The National Retail Federation and Hackett Associates' Global Port Tracker expect 2018 imports to jump 5.3 percent to a record 21.6 million TEUs.
 
They also project cooling in the early months of 2019, as imports typically soften due to a post-holiday drop in demand and Lunar New Year factory shutdowns in Asia.
 
"We'll see a little bit of a lull during Lunar New Year and thereafter. That in and of itself will allow us to catch up," Seroka said.
 

来源:simic