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关税加收政策临近 美集装箱进口势头仍然强劲

作者:   发布时间:2019-02-14    浏览量:1267   字体大小:  A+   A- 

关税加收政策临近 美集装箱进口势头仍然强劲
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来源: World Maritime News 2019-02-13
翻译:国际海事信息网 王雅媛 张运鸿
 
       美国零售联合会(the National Retail Federation,以下简称NRF)和哈克特协会(Hackett Associates)表示,自去年秋季进口量达到顶峰以来,美国主要零售集装箱港口进口量呈下降趋势,但针对中国进口商品加收关税的政策预计三月实施,因而仍高于正常水平。
 
       NRF供应链和海关政策副总裁Jonathan Gold指出:“由于美国与中国的贸易谈判仍未解决,零售商似乎正在提前进口春季商品,以应对3月份关税上涨。”

       他补充说:“我们希望谈判会成功,但在贸易战结束之前,零售商需要尽其所能降低关税带来的高价格影响。”
 
       美国于去年9月对价值2000亿美元的中国商品征收10%的关税,并计划在今年3月1日提高到25%,除非12月开始的谈判取得成功。
 
      根据最新数据,全球港口追踪(Global Port Tracker)覆盖的美国港口货运处理量于12月达197万TEU。这比11月增长了8.8%,较上年同期增长了13.9%。2018年创下2180万TEU的货运记录比2017年的2050万TEU增加了6.2%。
 
       1月份货运量预计为183万TEU,比2018年1月增长4.1%。2月份预计为178万TEU,同比增长5.7%;3月为160万TEU,增长3.8%;4月为176万TEU,同比增长7.7%;5月为189万TEU,增长3.4%,6月为186万TEU,增长0.3%。这意味着2019年上半年货运量将达到1070万TEU,比2018年上半年增长4.1%。
 
       哈克特协会的创始人Ben Hackett表示:“美国集装箱进口量仍保持强劲势头,零售商和其他企业试图应对3月份的关税增长。现在的问题是仓库和存储设施的空位所剩不多。”
 
       全球港口跟踪涵盖了美国西海岸的洛杉矶/长滩、奥克兰、西雅图和塔科马港口;东海岸的纽约/新泽西港、弗吉尼亚港、查尔斯顿港、萨凡纳港、埃弗格雷斯港港、迈阿密港和杰克逊维尔港;以及墨西哥湾沿岸的休斯顿港。
 
(本文版权归国际海事信息网所有,图片版权归原作者,转载请注明出处。)
 
US Container Imports Still Strong as Tariff Increase Approaches
 
Imports at the nation’s major retail container ports have dipped since peaks seen last fall but remain at higher-than-usual levels as a possible increase in tariffs on goods from China approaches in March, the National Retail Federation (NRF) and Hackett Associates said.
 
“With trade talks with China still unresolved, retailers appear to be bringing spring merchandise into the country early in case tariffs go up in March,” Jonathan Gold, NRF Vice President for Supply Chain and Customs Policy, noted.
 
“We are hopeful that the talks will succeed, but until the trade war is behind us, retailers need to do what they can to mitigate the higher prices that will inevitably come with tariffs,” he added.
 
US tariffs of 10 percent on USD 200 billion worth of Chinese goods that took effect last September are scheduled to increase to 25 percent on March 1 unless negotiations that began in December are successful.
 
US ports covered by Global Port Tracker handled 1.97 million TEUs in December, the latest month for which after-the-fact numbers are available. That was up 8.8 percent from November and 13.9 percent year-over-year. That brought 2018 to a record 21.8 million TEU, an increase of 6.2 percent over 2017’s previous record of 20.5 million TEU.
 
January was estimated at 1.83 million TEU, up 4.1 percent from January 2018. February is forecast at 1.78 million TEU, up 5.7 percent year-over-year; March at 1.6 million TEU, up 3.8 percent; April at 1.76 million TEU, up 7.7 percent; May at 1.89 million TEU, up 3.4 percent, and June at 1.86 million TEU, up 0.3 percent. That would bring the first half of 2019 to 10.7 million TEU, up 4.1 percent over the first half of 2018.
 
“US containerized imports continue to be robust with retailers and other businesses trying to beat potential tariff increases in March. The problem is that warehouses and storage facilities are running out of space,” Ben Hackett, Hackett Associates Founder, said.
 
Global Port Tracker covers the US ports of Los Angeles/Long Beach, Oakland, Seattle and Tacoma on the West Coast; New York/New Jersey, Port of Virginia, Charleston, Savannah, Port Everglades, Miami and Jacksonville on the East Coast, and Houston on the Gulf Coast.
 

来源:simic