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对华商品关税征收推迟 美国港口零售进口运量增长

作者:   发布时间:2019-04-09    浏览量:968   字体大小:  A+   A- 

对华商品关税征收推迟 美国港口零售进口运量增长
图片来自网络,版权属于原作者

来源: World Maritime News 2019-04-09
翻译:国际海事信息网 王雅媛 张运鸿
 
       美国零售联合会(the National Retail Federation,简称NRF)表示,受美国推迟加征中国商品关税和将至夏季的影响,美国主要集装箱港口的零售进口货运量正在增长。
 
       据《全球港口跟踪》(Global Port Tracker)报道,美国港口在2月处理的货运量为162万TEU。该数据比1月份下降了14.3%,比去年同期下降了4%。
 
       NRF指出,2月历来是一年中最慢的月份,因为该月处于亚洲农历新年期间,工厂停工,且此时正是零售商假期之后和夏季销售之前的平静期。
 
       3月份预计货运处理量为163万TEU,同比增长5.9%,而4月份预计为175万TEU,增长6.9%。
 
       由于零售商在预计关税加收日之前将假期间进口的商品运入,8月份货运量预计将达到197万TEU,这将是自去年10月创纪录的200万TEU货运量以来的最高值。
 
       2018年进口货运量创下了2180万TEU的新纪录,比2017年的2050万TEU增长了6.2%。NRF预计,2019年上半年的进口量将达到1070万TEU,比2018年上半年增长3.7%。
 
       NRF负责供应链和海关政策的副总裁Jonathan Gold说:“零售商们预料到夏季势头强劲,已经开始囤积库存。”
 
       “关税上调暂被搁置,其进展当前通过中美两国的谈判得以报道,因此我们现在看到的进口量主要是受消费者需求预期的推动。”
 
       去年9月生效的美国对价值2000亿美元中国商品征收10%的关税,原定于3月份上调至25%,但特朗普总统以华盛顿与北京谈判的进展为由,推迟了这一计划。
 
       在谈判持续期间,关税加收政策已被无限期地搁置。
 
(本文版权归国际海事信息网所有,图片版权归原作者,转载请注明出处。)
 
US Ports See Retail Imports Growth as Tariffs on Chinese Goods Are Delayed
 
Major U.S. container ports are witnessing an increase in retail imports on the back of a delay of U.S. tariff increases on Chinese goods and the approaching summer season, according to the National Retail Federation.
 
U.S. ports covered by Global Port Tracker handled 1.62 million TEU in February. That was down 14.3 percent from January and down 4 percent year-over-year.
 
As noted by NRF, February is traditionally the slowest month of the year because of Lunar New Year factory shutdowns in Asia and the lull between retailers’ holiday and summer seasons.
 
March was estimated at 1.63 million TEU, up 5.9 percent year-over-year while April is forecast at 1.75 million TEU, up 6.9 percent.
 
The 1.97 million TEU forecast for August would be the highest since the record 2 million TEU set last October as retailers brought holiday merchandise into the country ahead of expected tariff increases.
 
Imports during 2018 set a new record of 21.8 million TEU, an increase of 6.2 percent over 2017’s previous record of 20.5 million TEU. NRF expects the first half of 2019 to total 10.7 million TEU, up 3.7 percent over the first half of 2018.
 
“Retailers are starting to stock up in anticipation of a strong summer,” NRF Vice President for Supply Chain and Customs Policy Jonathan Gold said.
 
“Tariff increases are on hold and progress is being reported in talks between the United States and China, so the imports we’re seeing now are driven primarily by expectations for consumer demand.”
 
U.S. tariffs of 10 percent on USD 200 billion worth of Chinese goods that took effect last September were scheduled to rise to 25 percent in March, but the increase was postponed by President Trump, citing progress in talks between Washington and Beijing.
 
The tariff increase has been put on hold indefinitely while the negotiations continue.
 

来源:simic