来源： World Maritime News 2019-04-09
翻译：国际海事信息网 王雅媛 张运鸿
美国零售联合会（the National Retail Federation，简称NRF）表示，受美国推迟加征中国商品关税和将至夏季的影响，美国主要集装箱港口的零售进口货运量正在增长。
据《全球港口跟踪》(Global Port Tracker)报道，美国港口在2月处理的货运量为162万TEU。该数据比1月份下降了14.3%，比去年同期下降了4%。
US Ports See Retail Imports Growth as Tariffs on Chinese Goods Are Delayed
Major U.S. container ports are witnessing an increase in retail imports on the back of a delay of U.S. tariff increases on Chinese goods and the approaching summer season, according to the National Retail Federation.
U.S. ports covered by Global Port Tracker handled 1.62 million TEU in February. That was down 14.3 percent from January and down 4 percent year-over-year.
As noted by NRF, February is traditionally the slowest month of the year because of Lunar New Year factory shutdowns in Asia and the lull between retailers’ holiday and summer seasons.
March was estimated at 1.63 million TEU, up 5.9 percent year-over-year while April is forecast at 1.75 million TEU, up 6.9 percent.
The 1.97 million TEU forecast for August would be the highest since the record 2 million TEU set last October as retailers brought holiday merchandise into the country ahead of expected tariff increases.
Imports during 2018 set a new record of 21.8 million TEU, an increase of 6.2 percent over 2017’s previous record of 20.5 million TEU. NRF expects the first half of 2019 to total 10.7 million TEU, up 3.7 percent over the first half of 2018.
“Retailers are starting to stock up in anticipation of a strong summer,” NRF Vice President for Supply Chain and Customs Policy Jonathan Gold said.
“Tariff increases are on hold and progress is being reported in talks between the United States and China, so the imports we’re seeing now are driven primarily by expectations for consumer demand.”
U.S. tariffs of 10 percent on USD 200 billion worth of Chinese goods that took effect last September were scheduled to rise to 25 percent in March, but the increase was postponed by President Trump, citing progress in talks between Washington and Beijing.
The tariff increase has been put on hold indefinitely while the negotiations continue.