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CargoX应用区块链技术探索智能提单

作者:   发布时间:2019-06-02    浏览量:462   字体大小:  A+   A- 

CargoX应用区块链技术探索智能提单
图片来自网络,版权属于原作者

来源:World Maritime News 2019-05-31

翻译:国际海事信息网 黄子倩 张运鸿
 
        最近,CargoX对基于区块链技术生成的智能提单进行的一项测试显示,在当今的数字化世界,纸质提单有可能被淘汰。
 
        这项测试由航运公司G2 Ocean(由挪威格里戈星海运公司(Grieg Star)和瑞士航运公司吉与宝(Gearbulk)合资成立)与比利时物流和供应链管理企业玛吕莎有限公司联合开展。
 
        G2 Ocean的首席执行官Rune Birkeland评论说:“纸质提单已经是人工处理的老物件了……智能提单可以在工作流程中优化成本,提高数据安全性。单证交易的可靠性也不容质疑。” 
 
        CargoX智能提单可应用于全球任何货主所签发的提单的数字流转。该系统可在几分钟内安全可靠地完成提单所有权的转移。这与常规快递服务寄送提单需要几天或几周时间的情况完全不同。
 
        G2 Ocean表示,这种新方式可有效避免日期延误、商业危害或损失、滞期费和其他损失。此外还可以提高安全性和可靠性。
 
        今年4月,两家公司完成了对区块链技术提单系统的测试。在测试期间,他们转移了从中国运至秘鲁的一批货物的所有权。
 
        两家公司各自完成了5次试运,并提供了5份智能提单。
 
        他们于2019年4月5日离开装货港中国新港,并于5月26日抵达卸货港秘鲁卡亚俄(Callao)。航程9504海里。进口商几分钟后就收到了智能提单。
 
        G2 Ocean创新部副总裁Leif Arne Strømmen表示:“G2 Ocean认为基于分布式账本或区块链技术的智能合同是使客户和分包商之间的人工流程实现数字化、自动化的特殊机遇。提单是2019年区块链技术应用的两大重点领域之一。基于这些成功的试点,我们的下一步将是扩大规模,把它作为一项增值服务提供给我们的客户。”
 
        这个方案由区块链单证交易系统(blockchain document transaction system,简称BDTS)技术提供支持。与传统的IT系统相比,CargoX智能提单允许用户声明和转移所有权,创建提单,并以电子格式添加其他附件。
 
        交易各方可按照类似于银行交易的特殊流程进行单证交易。单证也可以修改或取消。
 
        去年,CargoX使用智能提单完成了一件集装箱的官方装运测试。智能提单是电子签发的,并在区块链网络的辅助下进行流转。
 
       (本文版权归国际海事信息网所有,图片版权归原作者,转载请注明出处。)
 
Blockchain to Retire Paper Bill of Lading
 
It is possible to retire the paper bill of lading in today’s digital world, a recent test of CargoX’s blockchain-based Smart Bill of Lading shows.
 
The test was carried out by G2 Ocean — a joint venture of Grieg Star and Gearbulk — and Manuchar NV.
 
“Paper Bills of Lading are already considered a historic artefact… The Smart B/L will bring cost optimization and improved data security into their processes. The document transaction reliability in this system is undisputable,” Rune Birkeland, CEO at G2 Ocean, commented.
 
The CargoX Smart B/L is a solution for digital transfer of bills of lading issued by any cargo shipper worldwide. The system completes the document ownership transfer securely and reliably within minutes. That stands as opposed to the days or weeks it takes to send a document via regular courier services.
 
According to G2 Ocean, the new approach prevents delays and business damage or loss, demurrage and other costs. In addition, it provides safety and reliability for users.
 
The two companies concluded their test of the blockchain-based B/L system this April. During the test, they transferred ownership of goods with shipments traveling from China to Peru.
 
In total, the partners have completed five separate pilot shipments, with five Smart Bills of Lading.
 
They departed the port of loading Xingang China on April 5, 2019, and reached the port of discharge, Callao, Peru, on May 26, 2019. The distance between ports is 9,504 nautical miles. The importer received the Smart B/Ls after a couple of minutes.
 
“G2 Ocean consider smart contracts based on distributed ledgers or blockchain as a unique opportunity to digitalize and automate manual processes between its clients and subcontractors. The Bill of Lading is one of two priority areas in 2019 using blockchain technology. Based on these successful pilots, our next step will be to scale this up and offer it’s as a value-added service to our clients,” Leif Arne Strømmen, Vice President of Innovation G2 Ocean, said.
 
The solution is powered by the blockchain document transaction system (BDTS) technology. Compared to classic IT systems, the CargoX Smart B/L enables users to state and transfer ownership, create bills of lading, and also attach other accompanying documentation in electronic format.
 
Documents can be transacted among parties to a specific process in a way similar to a banking transaction. They can also be amended or annulled if needed too.
 
Last year, CargoX completed the official test shipment of a container with its Smart Bill of Lading. The Smart B/L was issued electronically and transferred with the help of a blockchain network.
 

来源:simic