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INTERCARGO:“限硫令”来临,安全问题大

作者:   发布时间:2019-07-22    浏览量:1904   字体大小:  A+   A- 

INTERCARGO:“限硫令”来临,安全问题大
图片来自网络,版权属于原作者

来源:Hellenic Shipping News Worldwide 2019-07-20

翻译:国际海事信息网 黄子倩 张运鸿
 
        距离2020年1月1日还有不到5个半月的时间,鉴于航运业面临巨大压力且急需平稳过渡,国际干散货船东协会(INTERCARGO)表示其担忧正不断加剧。全球能否获得安全合规的船用燃料作为一个关键议题,在很大程度上仍然无解。截至2020年1月1日,在指定排放控制区以外作业的船舶所使用的燃油硫含量不得超过0.50%,标志着船用燃料供应链发生重大变化。
 
        十分令人担忧的是,由于承租人/经营商目前未被强制购买合规燃料,到目前为止,合规燃料只在有限的几个港口供应,而且其条件不利于船舶开展自愿性前期测试(voluntary early testing)。由于新型燃料的实际测试和船员培训只能在真实条件下在船上开展,因此这些测试十分受限,已经被推迟到今年年底。这种情况对船舶运营造成了重大影响,最终可能威胁到船员、船舶、货物的安全,以及海洋环境。
 
        预计新燃料将于2019年年底前在船上进行实际测试,因此INTERCARGO希望:
        -燃料供应行业在全球港口供应足量的合规燃料,使包括干散货领域在内的航运业所有领域获得燃油;
        -承租人/经营者开始购买合规燃料;
        -尽快提供与0.50%上限有关的公开规范(Publicly Available Specification,简称PAS),为现行的ISO 8217国际燃油规范提供应用指导;
        -船东/经营者加强海员培训。海员值得我们特别关注,为确保使用新燃油这一重大变革顺利完成,航运业在很大程度上依赖于海员在公海上管理新燃料的水平。
 
       (本文版权归国际海事信息网所有,图片版权归原作者,转载请注明出处。)
 
“2020 Global Sulphur Limit implementation: INTERCARGO raises Safety concerns”
 
With 1 January 2020 less than five and a half months away, INTERCARGO expresses its growing concern in view of the magnitude of the challenge lying ahead for the industry and the need for a smooth transition. The global availability of safe compliant fuels remains a key question largely unanswered. The requirement for the sulphur content of fuel oil used by ships operating outside designated emission control areas not to exceed 0.50% as of 1 January 2020 marks a sea change in the marine fuels’ supply chain.
 
It is extremely worrying that compliant fuels have so far been made available only in a limited number of ports and under unfavourable terms for voluntary early testing by ships, as Charterers/Operators are not currently obliged to purchase future compliant fuel. Hence, the practical testing of new fuels and crew training, which is only possible under real conditions aboard ships, is very limited and pushed to the end of year – this situation creates significant safety implications for the operation of ships, which could eventually threaten the safety of seafarers, ships, and cargoes, as well as the marine environment.
 
In anticipation of the new fuels made available for practical testing aboard ships well before the end of 2019, it is urged that:
– the fuel supply industry provides the market with significant volumes of compliant fuels at many ports around the world, so that all sectors can be serviced, including the dry bulk sector
– the Charterers/Operators start purchasing these fuels
– the Publicly Available Specification (PAS) related to the 0.50% limit is made available as soon as possible to provide guidance on the application of the existing ISO 8217 specification for marine fuels
– the ship Owners/Operators enhance crew training. Seafarers deserve our special consideration, as the industry will largely rely on their skills for managing the new compliant fuels aboard ships on the high seas to ensure a smooth implementation of this drastic change.
 

来源:simic