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北冰洋航线货运量蓬勃高涨

作者:张运鸿 汪涛 陶春梅 发布时间:2011-11-14 浏览量:4805

北冰洋航线货运量蓬勃高涨

 来源:english.ruvr.ru

翻译 张运鸿 汪涛 陶春梅

今年,沿俄罗斯,连接大西洋和太平洋间的海上捷径---- 北冰洋航线的货运量有望达到300万吨,创下了自上世纪80年代末的最高纪录。这一消息是由这条航线的主要开路公司“俄罗斯核船舶”(company Rosatomflot)公司代表Andrei Smirnov宣布的。

80年代末,沿北方海上航线的货物运输量达到了700万吨。但是,90年代的时候却下降了5倍,运量仅为150万吨。此后,运量在缓慢增长,去年的时候达到了230万吨。今年,预计运量将突破300万吨。Smirnov认为,这种增长状态可以用以下的几种原因来做解释

他说:“20年前,北冰洋海上航线开始对外国船舶开放,但仅在2009年的时候,外国船东才开始对这条航线感兴趣。当年有3条外国船舶通过了这条航线。去年的时候,共中转运输了10万吨货物。今年,俄罗斯破冰船为大型油轮‘亲和力’号破冰开路。很可能今年还将有2到3条船通过这条航线。很多外国公司对向亚洲方向用油轮和散装货船运送货物感兴趣,其中包括从卡拉半岛运送铁矿石和从挪威的希尔科内斯向亚洲运送煤炭。”

对北冰洋上航线不断增长的兴趣是可以理解的。这条航线和传统的通过苏伊士运河的航线相比,距离上要短1/3。根据专家们的预测,在北冰洋的北纬地带,气候变暖的周期最少还要持续10年。而现在,在该航线上,大排水量的船舶可以顺利通过,安·斯米尔诺夫强调说,正是这一点引来了挪威和荷兰公司的兴趣。

他说:“目前,我们正在与对我们工作感兴趣的日本及韩国进行积极的谈判。我们希望和今年相比,明年可以使通过北方航线的运量增加一倍。”

跟据现在正在对西西伯利亚亚马尔半岛石油天然气矿区的开采情况,2015年之后,北方航线的货物运量会大规模增长。

鄂毕湾将建造起用于接收巨型天然气油轮的萨别特港,俄罗斯和芬兰的专家们已经开始实际模型的实验工作。同时,还将建造一个生产液化气的企业,这家企业将拥有若干个生产能力各达500万吨的分支部门。总而言之,北冰洋航线前景无限。

原文如下:

 2 November 2011

Northern sea route cargo shipments on the rise

 This year the cargo transportation of the Northern Sea Route (NSR), a shipping lane from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean along the Russian Arctic coast, is expected to reach 3 million tons, which is a record volume since the late 1980’s, Andrei Smirnov, an official with the parent navigation company Rosatomflot said.

 In the late 1980’s the cargo transportation volume on NSR amounted to 7 million tons. However, in the 1990’s it declined almost five times down to 1.5 million tons. Later the growth resumed and in 2010 the volume of cargo transportation reached 2.3 million tons. The leap is explained by a number of factors, Smirnov says.

 "Though the Northern sea route was open for foreign ships navigation 20 years ago, only in 2009 foreign ship-owners got interested in this route. Three foreign ships used the route and last year transit along the route already reached 100,000 tons. This year a Russian icebreaker has convoyed the Affinity tanker. It is likely that two-three more ships will sail the NSR this year. Many foreign shipping companies are interested in the transportation of cargos to Asia by tankers and bulk cargo ships. These are shipments of iron-ore from the Kola Peninsula and shipments of coal from Norway’s Kirkenes."    

 The growing interest in the NSR is understandable. It is shorter by 1/3 than the traditional route via the Gulf of Suez. Experts forecast that the warming in northern latitudes of the Arctic region will continue for 10 years at least if not longer. Today the NSR has become suitable for the navigation of ships with large displacement, which attracts Norwegian and Dutch companies, Smirnov says.

"Now we are in talks with Japan and South Korea which also got interested in our work. Next year we hope to double the volume of cargo shipments along the NSR in comparison with this year."

 After 2015 the traffic performance of the NSR will significantly increase following the beginning of the development of oil and gas fields on the Yamal peninsula (Western Siberia).

 The Sabbetta port will be built on the Gulf of Ob for supertankers-gas carriers. Russian specialists in cooperation with their Finnish colleagues are conducting verification tests on the site. Also a facility for production of liquefied natural gas (LNG) will be built. It will comprise several units each with the production capacity of 5 million tons. All in all the Northern Sea Route has good prospects.

 Source: english.ruvr.ru

 

 

来源:北冰洋航线货运量蓬勃高涨