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航运巨头马士基新战略-----与美海军合作开发新能源

作者:国际海事信息网 汪涛、海事信息翻译协会成员 发布时间:2011-12-16 浏览量:7485
航运巨头马士基新战略-----与美海军合作开发新能源

 

发表日期:  2011年12月12日   翻译:SIMIC 汪涛、SIMIC翻译协会成员

马士基与美国海军正尝试以马士基的一艘集装箱船“卡尔玛”测试藻类生物燃料的利用。这条船由北欧驶往印度。它的两个很重要的特征,使之很适合于这项生物燃料测试。其一,这条300米长的集装箱船,有一个专用的辅助发动机,能够降低测试的危险;其二,它的燃油系统有一个特殊的生物燃料混合装置,和独立的燃料箱。

2010年10月,美国海军部长马布斯访问了马士基公司设在丹麦首都哥本哈根的总部,并获悉马士基旗下1300多艘船实施的多项节能计划。这恰好满足美国海军对于提高燃料利用效率和减少气体排放的利益需求。此次生物燃料测试是美国海军海上系统司令部与马士基集团的首次合作。

马士基航运公司气候和环境部的负责人雅各布·斯特林说,“航运业需要在未来的几十年加大力度降低温室气体排放。从短期来看,致力于提高燃料的利用率,我们受益颇多;从长远来看,我们希望看到可持续生物燃料变成一种可以市场推广的低碳能源。”

 德国不来梅港距离印度皮帕瓦沃港6500海里,“马士基——卡拉马”在其一个月长的航程内将消耗30吨的生物燃料。船上的工程师和船员会分别试用混合率从7%到100%不等的生物燃料。测试小组将对排放物中的氮氧化合物,氧化硫,二氧化碳,和微粒物质进行数据分析。同时,测试其对发动机功效的影响和发动机的损耗情况。这些测试将在12月初结束,其后会提供关于测试结果的分析报告。

   这项生物能源测试集合了A.P.莫勒—马士基集团旗下的数家公司,包括马士基航运公司―世界上最大的集装箱航运公司、马士基海事技术中心―卓越的航运技术方面的研究和开发中心、马士基航运有限公司― 该公司拥有和运营美籍船舶,并与美国海军合作近30年。

马士基航运有限公司方面的技术代表大卫·安德森说:“我们期望能确定蒸馏物和生物燃料的最佳混合物,能够达到国际海事组织即将出台的更加严格的排放量规定”

安德森补充到:“这项实验是鼓励燃料的研发创新、生物燃料应用多样化和提高环境保护规划的一部分,这也是马士基与美国海军共同努力的一个长期的目标”。

Maersk and the U.S. Navy collaborate on biofuel initiative

Monday, 12 December 2011 14:43

Maersk and the U.S. Navy are testing algae-based biofuel on the container ship Maersk Kalmar. The ship is en route from Northern Europe to India. Maersk Kalmar has two key attributes

that make it a suitable vessel for biofuel testing. The 300 meter-long container ship has a dedicated auxiliary test engine, which reduces the risks of testing, and its fuels system has a special biofuel blending equipment and separate tanks.

 In October 2010, Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus visited Maersk headquarters in Copenhagen, Denmark and learned of energy conservation initiatives across Maersk’s fleet of over 1,300 vessels. These programs fit well with the Navy’s interests in increasing fuel efficiency and reducing emissions. The biofuels test is the first collaboration between Maersk and the U.S. Navy’s Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA).

“The shipping industry needs to dramatically reduce greenhouse gas intensity in the coming decades. In the short term, we can gain a lot by focusing on improving fuel efficiency. In the longer term, we would like to see sustainable biofuels become a commercially available, low-carbon fuel,” said Jacob Sterling, Head of Climate and Environment at Maersk Line.

During its month-long, 6,500 nautical mile voyage from Bremerhaven, Germany to Pipavav, India, the ship will use 30 tons of biofuel. Engineers and crew onboard are testing blends ranging from 7% to 100%. The team is also analyzing emissions data on NOx (nitrogen oxides), SOx (sulphur oxides), CO2 and particulate matter from the fuel use, along with effects on power efficiency and engine wear and tear. Tests are scheduled to conclude in early December with an analysis of results following soon thereafter.

The biofuel test brings together several companies across the A.P. Moller – Maersk Group: Maersk Line, the world’s largest commercial container carrier; Maersk Maritime Technology, a research and development center of excellence for ship technologies; and Maersk Line, Limited, which owns and operates U.S. flag vessels and has worked with the U.S. Navy for nearly 30 years.

“We expect to identify an optimal blend of distillate and biofuel that will meet the more stringent requirements of the International Maritime Organization’s forthcoming emissions regulations,” said David Anderson, Maersk Line, Limited’s technical representative for the project.

“The test is part of a journey to spur innovation in fuel R&D, diversify the fuel supply and improve environmental performance. It is a long-term goal Maersk shares with the Navy,” added Anderson.

 
 

来源:SIMIC

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