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现代重工与大宇合并遭到欧盟反对

作者:   发布时间:2021年10月10日    浏览量:62   字体大小:  A+   A- 

现代重工与大宇合并遭到欧盟反对
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来源:Hellenic Shipping News 2021-10-09
翻译:国际海事信息网 赵扬捷 张运鸿
 
        欧盟(EU)一直在推迟批准现代重工(Hyundai Heavy Industries,HHI)与大宇造船( Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering, DSME) 的合并。此次合并过程已经花了近三年的时间。
 
        熟悉这一消息的人士和官员表示,欧盟已达成广泛共识,不批准这一合并,理由是担心对液化天然气(LNG)造船业的垄断。现代重工和大宇造船是液化天然气造船业的两大龙头企业。
 
        一位行业高级官员说:“欧盟已达成广泛共识,不批准这项合并。正如预期的那样,液化天然气行业的垄断已经成为一个很大的关注点,官方将在年底左右做出正式决定。”
 
        业内人士称,尽管欧盟不赞成这一合并,但并不妨碍这两家公司进行合并,不过这可能会阻碍今后与欧盟成员国的业务往来。
 
        2019年,现代重工要求中国、哈萨克斯坦、新加坡、欧盟、日本和韩国批准其对大宇造船的收购计划。到目前为止,只有中国、新加坡和哈萨克斯坦同意此项收购计划。
 
        由于欧盟掌握着整个收购过程的关键,就该地区的市场影响力和规模而言,据说现代重工已经向欧盟提供了一个补救计划,以便确保他们合并后的实体不会损害公平的市场竞争。
 
        虽然现代重工发誓要在一定时期内降低液化天然气船的成本,并表明其打算转让一些与液化天然气船有关的技术,以换取欧盟的批准,但据说其提议未能打动欧盟。
 
        另一位业内人士说:“那么韩国造船企业(KSOE)是否会出售其他子公司来完成交易?在目前看来,要做到这一点很难,但欧盟是一个他们无法忽视的巨大市场,所以他们将不得不考虑出售部分资产。”
 
        欧盟持续拖延合并使得韩国产业银行(KDB)和现代重工的情况更加恶化,因为大宇造船的盈利能力继续下滑,其今年上半年的销售额同比下降了44.7%。
 
        一位现代重工的官员说:“我们不能透露过程中的具体细节,但我们正在尽一切努力确保此次合并获得批准。”
 
       (本文版权归国际海事信息网所有,图片版权归原作者,转载请注明出处。)
 
EU may block Hyundai’s mega acquisition deal with Daewoo Shipbuilding
 
The European Union (EU) has been holding back on giving its approval for Hyundai Heavy Industries’ (HHI) merger with Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering (DSME). The merger process has taken close to three years.
 
The EU has made a broad consensus not to approve the merger, citing monopoly concerns in the liquefied natural gas (LNG) shipbuilding industry, sources and officials familiar with the issue said. HHI and DSME are the top two leading companies in the LNG shipbuilding sector.
 
“The EU has reached a broad consensus not to approve the merger. As expected, the possible monopolization of the LNG sector has become a big cause for concern, with the official decision to be made around the year end,” a senior industry official said.
 
Industry sources say that although the EU disapproves of the merger, it does not prevent the two companies from going through with it, though it could hinder future business with EU member states.
 
In 2019, HHI requested approval for its planned acquisition of DSME from China, Kazakhstan, Singapore, the EU, Japan and South Korea. So far, only China, Singapore and Kazakhstan have given the green light.
 
Because the EU holds the key to the entire process, in terms of the region’s market influence and size, HHI is said to have offered the EU a remedy plan so as to ensure them that the merged entity won’t hurt fair market competition.
 
While HHI vowed to freeze the cost of LNG ships over a certain period and clarified its intention to transfer some of its LNG vessel-related technology in exchange for receiving EU approval, its offer reportedly failed to impress the EU.
 
“So will Korea Shipbuilding & Offshore Engineering (KSOE) sell off other affiliates to seal the deal? In the current state, it will be difficult to do so, but the EU is a huge market for them to ignore, so they will have to consider selling part of their assets,” another industry source said.
 
The continued delay in the EU’s decision has worsened the situation for KDB and HHI, as DSME’s profitability continues to slump. DSME’s sales for the first half of the year dropped 44.7 percent year-on-year.
 
“We cannot reveal the specifics of the screening process, but we are doing all we can to secure approval for the merger,” an HHI official said.

来源:simic