来源：American Shipper 2021-11-26
翻译：国际海事信息网 赵扬捷 张运鸿
美国海运装卸公司（SSA Marine）在Terminal 18网站上发布通知说：“与西海岸的其他港口一样，它们要么已经实行收取额外的滞期费，要么很快就会这样做，进口商未能及时提取他们的集装箱，造成了严重的拥堵问题，使码头运营商无法为其他船只提供服务。我们真诚地希望收取额外的滞期费将鼓励货主尽快提取他们的货物，这将使西雅图港口再次更好地服务于以我们港口为目的地的船只，一旦实现了这一点，我们将不在收取临时滞期费。”
塔科马港（the Port of Tacoma）的两个码头运营商本月开始对逾期15天以上的集装箱收取超过300美元的附加费。塔科马和西雅图位于普吉特海湾（Puget Sound），是西北海港联盟的合作伙伴。
码头的停泊延误和停留时间导致从中国进口的海运货物的运输时间增加了60%。根据数字货运代理公司Shifl的数据：本月海运货物从洛杉矶/长滩的一个码头运往进口商仓库的平均运输时间为45天，而5月份为28天。港到港的运输时间平均为32天，比正常情况下多一倍。Shifl官方称，最近几周，在圣佩德罗湾港口（ the San Pedro Bay ports）滞留时间较长的集装箱已经被移走，但全国还有高达15%的集装箱已经滞留了10至47天，其中大部分在西海岸港口。
Seattle port operator tackles congestion with new container storage fee
SSA Marine has notified importers at its Seattle port facilities that it will introduce an additional storage charge on Wednesday for containers lingering longer than five days in an effort to clear space so stevedores can better service vessels and reduce cargo delays.
The cargo-handling company said a temporary levy of $50-per-day fee will be placed on containers dwelling longer than five days after they are made available for pickup at terminals 5, 18 and 30 in the Port of Seattle. The late pickup fee will escalate to $75 per day after five days of excess dwell time, $100 after 10 days and $150 per day after 15 days.
Seattle-based SSA Marine said the Dec. 1 surcharge, which comes on top of existing demurrage for excess storage beyond the allowable free time, is necessary to recover increased operating and storage costs due to overcrowding.
It’s the latest attempt by West Coast port operators to pressure faster container pickups by cargo owners in the face of record import volumes, equipment shortages and infrastructure limitations that have severely slowed ocean shipping networks and disrupted supply chains.
“As with other ports on the West Coast who either have already implemented additional storage charges or will soon be doing so, the failure of importers picking up their containers in a timely manner has created severe congestion issues that have prevented terminal operators from properly servicing vessels destined for their terminals. We sincerely hope the additional storage charge will encourage cargo owners to pick up their containers, which will allow the terminals in Seattle to again properly service vessels destined to our port, and once that has been accomplished, the temporary storage charges will cease,” SSA Marine said in the notice posted on the Terminal 18 website.
The Southern California ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach, the nation’s largest container shipping gateway, late last month threatened to penalize ocean carriers $100 per import container moving by truck that stayed on dock for nine or more days and for boxes dwelling for six or more days that move by rail, with the charge rising in $100 increments per day until departure. Officials have twice postponed assessing any charges until this coming Monday, citing progress whittling down container piles as shippers collect more cargo to avoid getting the final bill.
Two terminal operators at the Port of Tacoma this month began assessing surcharges of more than $300 for container overstays of 15 days or more. Tacoma and Seattle, located on Puget Sound, are partners in the Northwest Seaport Alliance.
There were seven container vessels at anchor Friday morning waiting for berth space at the two Pacific Northwest ports, according to the Marine Exchange of Puget Sound. Under normal conditions, vessels go straight to a parking spot in the ports.
Berthing delays and dwell times at terminals are contributing to a 60% increase in transit times for ocean imports from China. The average transit time for an ocean shipment to travel by sea and exit a terminal in Los Angeles/Long Beach on its way to an importer’s warehouse is 45 days this month compared to 28 days in May, according to digital freight forwarder Shifl. Port-to-port transit times are averaging 32 days, twice as long as normal. Officials say the more long-dwelling containers have been removed from the San Pedro Bay ports in recent weeks, but up to 15% of containers nationwide have been stranded for 10 to 47 days with the majority of that in West Coast ports, Shifl said.