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西雅图港口实施滞期费政策

作者:   发布时间:2021年11月28日    浏览量:218   字体大小:  A+   A- 

西雅图港口实施滞期费政策
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来源:American Shipper 2021-11-26
翻译:国际海事信息网 赵扬捷 张运鸿
 
        美国海运装卸公司(SSA Marine)已通知西雅图港口的进口商,将于周三对停留超过五天的集装箱收取额外的滞期费,以腾出空间,使装卸工人能够更好地服务船舶并减少货物延误。
 
        该货物处理公司表示,在西雅图港的5号、18号和30号码头,对停留时间超过5天的集装箱,将临时征收每天50美元的费用。滞留时间超过5天后,费用将上升为75美元/天,10天后为100美元/天,15天后为150美元/天。
 
        总部设在西雅图的美国海运装卸公司(SSA Marine)表示,12月1日起,附加费就会包含可停留时间之外而产生的滞留费,这是为了征收因集装箱滞留而额外增加的运营和存储成本。
 
        这是西海岸港口运营商的最新尝试,目的是在进口创纪录数量、设备短缺和基础设施受限的情况下,让货主尽快来提货,而这些情况已经严重减缓了海洋运输网络,扰乱了供应链。
 
        美国海运装卸公司(SSA Marine)在Terminal 18网站上发布通知说:“与西海岸的其他港口一样,它们要么已经实行收取额外的滞期费,要么很快就会这样做,进口商未能及时提取他们的集装箱,造成了严重的拥堵问题,使码头运营商无法为其他船只提供服务。我们真诚地希望收取额外的滞期费将鼓励货主尽快提取他们的货物,这将使西雅图港口再次更好地服务于以我们港口为目的地的船只,一旦实现了这一点,我们将不在收取临时滞期费。”
 
        南加州的洛杉矶港和长滩港是美国最大的集装箱运输门户,上个月末,这两个港口声称要对在码头停留9天及以上的卡车运输的集装箱罚款100美元,和对铁路运输滞留6天及以上的集装箱罚款100美元,费用每日递增100美元,直到全部运输完毕。官方称直到本周一已经两次推迟收取滞期费,原因是收货人不想产生滞期费而尽快提取了他们的货物,所以集装箱堆积的数量正在减少。
 
        塔科马港(the Port of Tacoma)的两个码头运营商本月开始对逾期15天以上的集装箱收取超过300美元的附加费。塔科马和西雅图位于普吉特海湾(Puget Sound),是西北海港联盟的合作伙伴。
 
        根据普吉特海湾海事交易所的数据,周五上午有7艘集装箱船在锚地等待西北太平洋两个港口的泊位。在正常情况下,船只不用等待可直接进入港口的停泊位。
 
       码头的停泊延误和停留时间导致从中国进口的海运货物的运输时间增加了60%。根据数字货运代理公司Shifl的数据:本月海运货物从洛杉矶/长滩的一个码头运往进口商仓库的平均运输时间为45天,而5月份为28天。港到港的运输时间平均为32天,比正常情况下多一倍。Shifl官方称,最近几周,在圣佩德罗湾港口( the San Pedro Bay ports)滞留时间较长的集装箱已经被移走,但全国还有高达15%的集装箱已经滞留了10至47天,其中大部分在西海岸港口。
 
        (本文版权归国际海事信息网所有,图片版权归原作者,转载请注明出处。)
 
Seattle port operator tackles congestion with new container storage fee
 
SSA Marine has notified importers at its Seattle port facilities that it will introduce an additional storage charge on Wednesday for containers lingering longer than five days in an effort to clear space so stevedores can better service vessels and reduce cargo delays.
 
The cargo-handling company said a temporary levy of $50-per-day fee will be placed on containers dwelling longer than five days after they are made available for pickup at terminals 5, 18 and 30 in the Port of Seattle. The late pickup fee will escalate to $75 per day after five days of excess dwell time, $100 after 10 days and $150 per day after 15 days.
 
Seattle-based SSA Marine said the Dec. 1 surcharge, which comes on top of existing demurrage for excess storage beyond the allowable free time, is necessary to recover increased operating and storage costs due to overcrowding.  
 
It’s the latest attempt by West Coast port operators to pressure faster container pickups by cargo owners in the face of record import volumes, equipment shortages and infrastructure limitations that have severely slowed ocean shipping networks and disrupted supply chains.
 
“As with other ports on the West Coast who either have already implemented additional storage charges or will soon be doing so, the failure of importers picking up their containers in a timely manner has created severe congestion issues that have prevented terminal operators from properly servicing vessels destined for their terminals. We sincerely hope the additional storage charge will encourage cargo owners to pick up their containers, which will allow the terminals in Seattle to again properly service vessels destined to our port, and once that has been accomplished, the temporary storage charges will cease,” SSA Marine said in the notice posted on the Terminal 18 website.
 
The Southern California ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach, the nation’s largest container shipping gateway, late last month threatened to penalize ocean carriers $100 per import container moving by truck that stayed on dock for nine or more days and for boxes dwelling for six or more days that move by rail, with the charge rising in $100 increments per day until departure. Officials have twice postponed assessing any charges until this coming Monday, citing progress whittling down container piles as shippers collect more cargo to avoid getting the final bill. 
 
Two terminal operators at the Port of Tacoma this month began assessing surcharges of more than $300 for container overstays of 15 days or more. Tacoma and Seattle, located on Puget Sound, are partners in the Northwest Seaport Alliance.  
 
There were seven container vessels at anchor Friday morning waiting for berth space at the two Pacific Northwest ports, according to the Marine Exchange of Puget Sound. Under normal conditions, vessels go straight to a parking spot in the ports.
 
Berthing delays and dwell times at terminals are contributing to a 60% increase in transit times for ocean imports from China. The average transit time for an ocean shipment to travel by sea and exit a terminal in Los Angeles/Long Beach on its way to an importer’s warehouse is 45 days this month compared to 28 days in May, according to digital freight forwarder Shifl. Port-to-port transit times are averaging 32 days, twice as long as normal. Officials say the more long-dwelling containers have been removed from the San Pedro Bay ports in recent weeks, but up to 15% of containers nationwide have been stranded for 10 to 47 days with the majority of that in West Coast ports, Shifl said.

来源:simic