X

国际海事信息网

扫描二维码关注微信公众号、微博

随时随地获取更多资讯和服务

让我们成为您身边的海事信息专家

  首页 >> 海外传真 >> 正文

希腊正成为俄罗斯燃料油船对船转运枢纽

作者:   发布时间:2022年05月22日    浏览量:217   字体大小:  A+   A- 

希腊正成为俄罗斯燃料油船对船转运枢纽
图片来自网络,版权属于原作者

来源:Hellenic Shipping News 2022-05-21
翻译:国际海事信息网 赵扬捷 张运鸿
 
        根据Refinitiv Eikon的数据显示,对俄罗斯的制裁促使贸易商寻找新的方式,通过船对船(STS)装载以出口俄罗斯石油。有消息人士称,4月俄罗斯燃料油抵达希腊近海的数量跃升至创纪录水平。 
 
        由于欧盟尚未就拟议的禁运达成完全一致,所以目前俄罗斯的原油和石油产品交易仍然是合法的,但在2月24日俄罗斯入侵乌克兰后,银行和其他金融制裁使其交易变得越来越困难。
 
        根据Refinitiv的数据,4月份,以出口希腊的俄罗斯燃料油货量达到近90万吨,大约是3月份的两倍,而5月这一纪录可能会被再次刷新。
 
        数据显示,其中大部分是从俄罗斯港口运往希腊的卡拉马塔港。
 
        希腊能源部拒绝对其私营公司的业务置评。
 
        贸易商表示,这些燃料油—将原油提炼成更加轻质清洁的副产品,如汽车燃料—被储存在油轮上,并在近海进行混合,通过船对船的转运装船再出口。
 
        一位业内人士表示,虽然燃料油在希腊近海装船出口到其他地方的情况并不少见,但与4月相比,活动水平显著上升。
 
        两位航运人士说,可载重13万吨的Evridiki号油轮在4月中旬于卡拉马塔附近装载了一批俄罗斯燃料油。
 
        Refinitiv数据显示,该油轮随后前往阿拉伯联合酋长国的石油中心Fjairah。据石油分析公司 Vortexa 的数据,俄罗斯一直在增加对该枢纽的燃料出口,到货量将跃升至约 250 万桶。
 
        另一艘具有相同运力的油轮Okeanos号本月早些时候在卡拉马塔附近通过船对船装载燃料油,目前正驶向印度。
 
        5月初,Kriti King号在卡拉马塔附近装载了13万吨燃料油货物,目前正前往中国。
 
        航运人士接受路透社采访时表示,俄罗斯石油卖家已经恢复了鹿特丹和西班牙休达附近的船对船转运业务,此前这一类业务由于欧盟的制裁和活动人士的抗议而遭到破坏。
 
        莫斯科称其对乌克兰的入侵是“特别军事行动”,目的是清除该国的法西斯分子,乌克兰及其盟友称,这种说法无疑是挑起无端战争的一个毫无根据的借口。
 
        燃油被用作航运燃料,用于发电,或作为一些提炼设备的原料,用于燃料升级。
 
        (本文版权归国际海事信息网所有,图片版权归原作者,转载请注明出处。)
 
Greece emerging as new hub for Russian ship-to-ship fuel oil exports, data shows
 
Russian fuel oil arrivals offshore Greece jumped to record levels in April, as sanctions on Moscow drive traders to find new ways to export Russian oil via ship-to-ship (STS) loadings, Refinitiv Eikon data showed and sources said.
 
Trading Russian crude and oil products remains legal for now as the European Union is yet to fully agree on a proposed embargo, but banking and other financial sanctions on Russia following its invasion of Ukraine on Feb. 24 has made it increasingly more difficult to do so.
 
In April, shipments of Russian fuel oil with Greece as a destination reached nearly 0.9 million tonnes, about double March levels and could reach new records in May, according to Refinitiv data.
 
The bulk of this was shipped from Russian ports to Greece’s Kalamata port, the data showed.
 
The Greek energy ministry declined to comment on what it said was private companies’ business.
 
Traders said the fuel oil – a by-product of refining crude oil into lighter, cleaner products like auto fuels – is being stored and blended offshore on board tankers and being loaded via ship-to-ship transfer for re-export.
 
While it is not uncommon for fuel oil to load offshore Greece for exports to other destinations, the level of activity was very high compared to normal April levels, one industry source said.
 
The Evridiki tanker, which has the capacity to load 130,000 tonnes, loaded a Russian fuel oil cargo in mid April off Kalamata, two shipping source said.
 
The tanker then made its way to the United Arab Emirates oil hub of Fjairah, Refinitiv data shows. Russia has been increasing fuel exports to the hub, with arrivals set to jump to about 2.5 million barrels according to data from oil analytics firm Vortexa.
 
Another tanker, Okeanos, with the same capacity, loaded fuel oil via STS off Kalamata earlier this month and is currently heading to India, the data shows.
 
The Kriti King, which loaded a 130,000 tonne fuel oil cargo offshore Kalamata in early May, is currently heading to China, according to Refinitiv data.
 
Shipping sources told Reuters that Russian oil sellers have restored STS operations in Rotterdam and near Spain’s Ceuta, after EU sanctions and activist protests derailed such operations in Denmark.
 
Moscow calls its invasion of Ukraine a “special military operation” to rid the country of fascists, an assertion Kyiv and its allies say is a baseless pretext for an unprovoked war.
 
Fuel oil is used as a shipping fuel, in power generation, or as feedstock for some refining units which upgrade it into other fuels.
 

来源:simic