来源：Offshore Energy 2020-08-18
翻译：国际海事信息网 黄子倩 张运鸿
SeaIntelligence Consulting的首席执行官拉尔斯·詹森（Lars Jensen）认为，由于新冠病毒大流行，航运业半数以上的从业人员被迫在家工作，这可能会使航运业失去多达4万个工作岗位。
在即将于9月3日线上举行的数字集装箱峰会（Digital Container Summit）的会前采访上，詹森表示：“新冠疫情已经证明了我们的系统有效，即便有一半的工作是在家里完成的，但我们仍然能够驱动全球85%的价值。”
COVID-19 could cost the shipping industry 40K jobs
The shipping industry could lose up to 40,000 jobs as more than 50% of the people in shipping lines work from home now due to the coronavirus pandemic, Lars Jensen, CEO, SeaIntelligence Consulting believes.
“COVID-19 has proven that our systems work, as we’re still able to move 85% of global value although 50% work from home”, Jensen said in a pre-interview for the Digital Container Summit set to be held online on September 3.
However, that’s not good for employees, Jensen explains.
“When you’re able to do most of the work from home we’re also able to automate jobs,” Lars Jensen added, “more than 40 000 jobs will disappear over the next 3-5 years because of that”.
The pandemic has accelerated the digitalization of the industry, pushing for further facilitation of numerous manual processes that took days to complete.
Working from home due to lockdowns and increasing safety measures has emerged as the new normal in an age of growing uncertainty.
Hence, we are seeing numerous initiatives to digitalize operations and boost efficiency through automation of operations by introducing smart ports, smart containers, and smart ships.
One of the most prominent efforts includes retiring the paper bill of lading and replacing it with an electronic counterpart via blockchain.
The Digital Container Shipping Association (DCSA) has embarked on an initiative to enable the open collaboration necessary for achieving full eBL adoption.
As part of the move, DCSA wants to develop open-source standards for necessary legal terms and conditions, as well as definitions and terminology to facilitate communication among customers, container carriers, regulators, financial institutions and other industry stakeholders.
According to DCSA’s financial modeling exercise, it is estimated that the industry can potentially save more than $4 billion per year if 50% eBL adoption is achieved.
Automation of operations via digitalization has been one of the major concerns for the workforce in the shipping sector as fears have been raised that numerous jobs could become obsolete.
On the other hand, there is a growing need for the industry to transform and improve the work and life balance for its workers, especially seafarers who have suffered the most during the pandemic as their job could not be carried out remotely.
Therefore, bringing more automation through more sophisticated technology onboard ships and throughout the supply chain might not necessarily be a bad thing, as new types of jobs would be created for workers to operate the technology of the future.